How Pregnancy Affects Your Oral Health?

How Pregnancy Affects Your Oral Health

During pregnancy, a lot of physical and hormonal changes occur in women’s body.

In this Crumb, we’ll discuss how pregnancy affects oral health…

Do these changes affect pregnant women’s oral health?

Yes, they do…Pregnancy may make a woman more vulnerable to gum diseases and cavities.

But at the same time, a lot of hormonal changes take place in the body which can cause various oral problems.

To sustain oral and dental health adequate oral care is necessary.

Tooth Decay and gums problem  commonly occur in  pregnant women.

But with simple precautions, it is possible to prevent these oral problems.

Bad oral health can cause premature delivery of baby, loose teeth, plaque formation on teeth, and pregnancy granuloma.

Try to make regular visits to a dentist along with gynecologists.

Let’s discuss in detail the oral problems during pregnancy and their possible solutions.

Gum problems

During pregnancy women undergo a lot of hormonal changes.

And many tissues develop a lot of changes during this period.

As placenta produces high estrogen and progesterone hormone. 

It causes excessive sensitivity and irritation in gums.

Gums problems or gingivitis usually starts in the second month of the pregnancy.

However  reaches to its peak in eight-month.

Also Read : 5 Amazing Tips to Maintain a Happy and Healthy Mind

In most cases, gingivitis usually heals on its own post pregnancy.

But it can lead to many complications if not managed properly.

Studies suggest that approximately 40% of women develop gingivitis during pregnancy.

And gums start to appear reddish and develop irritation during gingivitis development.

In some cases, pain and bleeding can also be reported in gums during pregnancy.

Bleeding gums are also common . This is due to  high production of the estrogen hormone.

Bleeding can negatively affect oral health and hygiene.

When gingivitis occurs during pregnancy it may evolve into pregnancy gingivitis tumors.

This can lower the weight of   newborn.

Show  adequate concern to deter  care development of gingivitis during pregnancy.

Teeth problems in pregnancy

The increase of tooth decay is commonly reported during pregnancy.

Pain and sensitivity usually occur and in some cases, loss of teeth can also be seen.

Further, tooth problems can cause nausea and vomiting.

Dentists believe that tooth problems during pregnancy caused nausea and vomiting in nearly 70% women. 

Increasing oral hygiene can help prevent tooth problems during pregnancy.

There are various other factors which can negatively affect oral hygiene.

During  pregnancy, women crave foods  rich in carbohydrates, sugar, vitamins and iron.

During pregnancy, always eat nutritious food at short intervals of time.

But at the same time adequate oral and tooth care is also necessary to prevent tooth problems.

Also, frequent food intake can cause the formation of germs and plaque in teeth if oral hygiene is not maintained properly. 

Vomiting is  common among women mainly in the first month of pregnancy.

Vomiting can negatively affect oral hygiene in pregnant women.

It endorses acidic environment in mouth.This further increases the buildup of germs and plaque in teeth.

Also, vomiting can lead to other oral infections if teeth or mouth is not cleaned properly.

Smoking and alcohol consumption

Pregnant women should avoid smoking, as it can have serious consequences on oral health.

And periodontal inflammation and irritation  heightens in women who smoke.

Smoking causes fungal development on the surface of the tongue.

A woman’s body experiences spur of estrogen which negatively impacts oral health.

These two factors in combination  make it difficult to maintain oral health and hygiene.    

If a pregnant woman consumes alcohol, then it may result in many dental issues.


Alcohol consumption is not only bad for oral health. As it may also inflict the unborn baby with fetal alcohol syndrome.

Oral care recommendations during pregnancy

Pregnant Women must go for a regular oral health checkups from a certified physician.

Personal oral care is significant such as brushing teeth twice a day and using mouth wash solutions frequently.

It will keep your mouth clean and preclude the plaque formations.

Cleansing oral cavity regularly is immensely vital after consuming food. 

As rinsing mouth after dining reduces the risk of bacterial infection and germs growth in the mouth.

Gargle with warm salty water or antibacterial liquid-based solution regularly.

Because gargle eliminates germs and bacteria from the throat as well as from mouth.

And helps to preserve positive oral health.   

Excessive food cravings are quite common amongst pregnant women.

Although consuming foods rich in iron, vitamins, protein, and calcium are recommended by doctors.

But at the same time eating food after short intervals also requires extra oral care.


It is very important to rinse your mouth after eating food.

Try to ignore oily foods and foods rich in excessive sugar to a possible extent.

Because these foods can affect oral health negatively.

Abstain from  alcohol and smoking during pregnancy.  Since, these habits can intensify the risk of oral problems.

Clean your mouth properly after consumption of alcohol or smoking.

Alcohol is not only bad for oral health but  can also be awful  for the unborn infant in the womb.

So, alcohol consumption must be ceased during pregnancy.


Oral health is extremely critical for all-around fitness of everyone. However,  pregnant women must give special preference to maintain  oral health during pregnancy.

Regular consultation to dentists should be made to monitor your oral and dental health.

Further Reading : Mouth Healthy

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